Bariatric surgeries have been mentioned a lot in different sources. Gastric sleeve or sleeve gastrectomy is now one of the most famous procedures worldwide for obesity treatment and weight loss. We spoke a lot about how it is effective in reducing the amounts of food eaten, improving metabolism, and controlling type 2 diabetes.
HealthPointWorld team managed to guide different patients to the best doctor and hospitals in Turkey, to have successful gastric sleeve operations with the least complications.
Responding to our patients’ inquiries regarding the operation and the techniques used, we provide this article to be a comprehensive explanation about sleeve gastrectomy.
Before the Operation
Before having a gastric sleeve operation your bariatric surgeon will give you all the necessary instructions on a pre-op diet to prepare your body for surgery, depending on drinking liquids. In addition to stop smoking, as smoking increases the risk of infections, pneumonia, blood clots, slow healing and other life-threatening complications after surgery.
It’s also highly advised to get psychological support from the patient’s family as the surgery will change the patient’s lifestyle and eating habits.
Nowadays in Turkey Gastric sleeve surgery is normally carried out as minimally invasive surgery or laparoscopic surgery, Which has advantages over open surgery including a shorter hospital stay, a faster recovery time, reduced pain and bleeding following the procedure, and less scarring.
The surgeon makes two to five incisions in your stomach. Then will insert a laparoscope through these cuts and any tiny instruments required to perform the surgery.
A laparoscope is a small tube that has a light source and a camera and is connected to a video monitor in the operation hall. It relays images of the inside of your stomach to the television monitor so that the surgeon can see what is being done during the surgery.
The surgeon will then carefully remove a large part of your stomach. Then the remaining portions of your stomach are joined together using surgical staples to create a long sleeve shaped tube that will form your new stomach.
Your bariatric surgeon will then remove the laparoscope and operating tools and stitch the incisions closed.
Gastric sleeve surgery takes almost sixty minutes. But we need to take into consideration that the general period of the operation is five hours starting from the pre-op preparations, anesthesia, surgery, and recovery after anesthesia.
After the Operation
The hospitalisation period is around 2-3 days, during that your stomach can be sore and painful. The surgeon will give painkillers to control the pain.
The patient should be able to drink clear liquids on the day after the operation. The surgeon will advise you on a post-op diet and it’s important to follow it. Initially, the patient will need to become re-accustomed to eating solid foods. Normally this starts with two weeks on a liquid-only diet, followed by two weeks of semi-solid, pureed foods and then solid foods.
Gastric sleeve surgery patients lose around 50 to 70% of excess body weight during 2 years. Initially weight loss can be rapid. You will need to start regular exercise to ensure the weight continues to come off and you reach your dream weight and shape. Losing weight will change your lifestyle, as you will feel light and fit. You might choose walking, jogging, cycling, tennis, gym work or swimming. It’s advised to stick to an activity if you enjoy it. Don’t overdo things to start with, gradually increase the amount of exercise you do.
Losing substantial weight after surgery can improve many health conditions like: asthma, type 2 diabetes, arthritis, high blood pressure, obstructive sleep apnoea, high cholesterol, and gastroesophageal disease (GERD).