Cartilage damage in the knee is one of the most common diseases of the knee joint. A distinction is made between locally limited cartilage damage and general cartilage wear, which is called osteoarthritis.
The typical symptoms of cartilage damage in the knee are pregnancy-dependent pain and swelling
Treatment depends on the cause and severity of the cartilage damage.
For this reason, we place great emphasis on performing an accurate analysis of cartilage damage and its cause during cartilage damage treatment so that we can initiate individual treatment of cartilage damage
The size, location, and severity of the knee cartilage damage, and bone involvement, play an important role. In addition, we take into account the requirements and age of the patient and attach great importance not only to the treatment of cartilage damage but also to bone metabolism, gait, or non-gait.
Treatment usually involves the minimally invasive intervention of arthroscopy. Fragile cartilage material is removed through this procedure and the torn sections are sutured into the meniscus. In many cases, the doctor will recommend that you bear a partial weight while limiting movement so that the affected area has time to heal. Orthotic devices are used regularly to perform this treatment.
Knee replacement surgery
also known as knee arthroplasty (ARTH-row-plas-tee) — can help relieve pain and restore function in severely diseased knee joints. The procedure involves cutting away damaged bone and cartilage from your thighbone, shinbone and kneecap and replacing it with an artificial joint (prosthesis) made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics and polymers.
In determining whether a knee replacement is right for you, an orthopedic surgeon assesses your knee’s range of motion, stability and strength. X-rays help determine the extent of damage.
Your doctor can choose from a variety of knee replacement prostheses and surgical techniques, considering your age, weight, activity level, knee size and shape, and overall health.