Breast cancer is considered as one of the most common types of cancer, due to the lack of a wide spread culture of early and periodic examination in women, which leads to delay in treatment and therefore the necessity of a tumor excision operation as a last solution to get rid of the disease.
What is a mastectomy?
The process of eradicating breast tumors did not remain as we used to do before, and as a result of medical development, it did not require a complete mastectomy as before; This type of surgery is considered a preservative surgery that allows preserving the shape of the breast by removing the tumor only and keeping the other healthy breast tissues, provided that this tumor has not penetrated the boundaries of the tissues, which ensures that the tumor is completely removed without mastectomy.
To Prepare for the Surgery
Before performing a lumpectomy and like other operations, the doctor directs the patient to conduct a set of tests and analyses as needed, blood tests: comprehensive blood cell counts, blood chemistry, and coagulation tests. The level of tumor markers in the blood is also checked.
The surgery is done under general anesthesia. However, the doctor must be consulted about everything related to stop taking certain medications before the surgery. You must abstain from drinking alcohol for 48 hours and fast for 8 hours before the surgery.
Breast Reconstruction after Surgery
Breast loss has always been a sensitive issue in terms of femininity, so many women prefer to undergo plastic surgery with the aim of reconstructing the breast after a lumpectomy, and this is done by a replacement breast or a few tissues from the patient taken from the back or abdomen. The method is specially selected according to the elasticity and specificity of the thoracic skin, as well as the patient’s body shape, and according to her wishes